This section deals with matrix clause complementizers. They parallel subordinate complementizers in every way except that their carry the tone instead.

In the absence of a sentence connector and/or if the previous sentence had no overt illocution, they can mark the beginning of a new sentence by marking the beginning of the matrix clause.

declarative or non-polar interrogative
lả declarative or non-polar interrogative
mả polar interrogative
tỉo quantitative interrogative

Everything covered in the section on subordinate complementizer phrases applies here. The only difference is that instead of being passed to a verb, matrix clause complementizer phrases are passed to the illocution operator.

The most common matrix complementizer is the unpronounced one.

This is equivalent to the following sentence:

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