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Toaq with Ease

Shíko chỉetoaı – 1st Lesson

Rủqshua da. It’s raining.
Keo chỏa da. But there is talking.
Ru hỉaı da. And there is laughing.
Dẻ cháq da. It’s a beautiful day.

Notes

  1. rủqshua means “to rain”. It carries a falling tone , which shows that this word is a verb.

  2. da marks a sentence as an assertion. It is always found at the end of a sentence. There are also other equivalent particles for questions and imperatives, which we will come across in future lessons. You may have noticed that da does not carry a tone mark. In Toaq, most function words are toneless. This means that their meaning does not change from an alteration in pitch, making these words very easy.

  3. chỏa is another verb (“to utter a sound”). Again, it can be identified as such because it carries a falling tone .

  4. This sentence literally means “The day is beautiful”. The verb is dẻ “to be beautiful”. In Toaq, the verb comes first in a sentence, and is followed by the nouns.

  5. cháq means “the day”. It carries a rising tone . We will learn more about this tone in the next lesson.

Exercises

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