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Toaq with Ease
This tutorial is for the older Gamma version of the language.
A description of the current Toaq Delta is available here.

Héıshıko chỉetoaı – Lesson 11

Kỏa da. It’s cold.
Dủ bîa súq da. Tỉshue súq núofua ba. Jỉa bâi jí baq chảı nha. It seems like you are sick. You should stay in bed. I will make tea.
Kủaq kỉe ka. Thank you.
Enı. Lỏq cháı da. Pỉe ba. Here. The tea is hot. Drink.
Jảq lôq da. It is very hot.
Mả nỏqgı moq? Pủ tûa jí nîe baq mảtu chái da. Is it delicious? I put honey in the tea.
Gỉ da. It’s good.
Mả shảo súq bâı jí baq tủzy moq? Do you want me to make soup?
Chủqkuaı bũ jí da… Jảq lôi jí baq kỏacao da. Shảo jí cêo lóqcao da. I’m not hungry… I really hate winter. I want the summer to begin.
Lảo súq rôe súq ba. Jỉa bâi múy baq nỉaopoq ba. Wait until you are well. We will build a snow figure.
Gỉ sío da. That is a good idea.
Tu cảo bı pảq sa gỉ cáo da. Nảı sêa súq ba. Every season has good parts. Now rest.
Kủaq kỉe ka. Jảq pâı súq da. Thank you. You are a very good friend.


  1. nuofua “to be a bed” has the familiar component nuo “to be asleep”, and fua “to be a piece of furniture”.

  2. Jıa “to be the case in the future” is the verb that expresses the future tense. Jỉa fâ jí “It will be the case [that I go]”, or simply “I will go”. baq chảı “tea in general”, as opposed to any particular instance of tea, is used in Bảı jí baq chảı “I make tea” because the (finished) tea does not exist prior to making it. nha is a new sentence-ending particle that indicates a promise.

  3. Pu “to be the case in the past”, is the verb that expresses the past tense. Pủ fâ jí “I went”.

  4. The compound chuqkuaı has the familiar component chuq “to eat”, and the component kuaı “to long or hunger for”, which also appeared in the word seakuai “to be exhausted” (“to need rest”) in lesson 4. Additional examples would be pıekuaı “to be thirsty” and nuokuaı “to be tired”.

  5. baq kỏacao “winter, in general”. The words for summer and winter are loqcao, from loq “to be hot” + cao “to be a season”, and koacao, from koa “to be cold” + cao “to be a season” respectively.

  6. nıaopoq “to be a snow figure”, from nıao “to be snow” and poq “to be a person”.

  7. Naı “to be the case now” is the verb that expresses the present tense. Nảı fâ jí “I go (now)”.



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